昨天看到数学研发论坛在讨论三维三阶幻方,论坛里的各大牛都已经讨论得差不多了,我也没什么好插话的。然后突发奇想,能不能用纯LaTeX画出一个这样的立体幻方出来?

昨天下午折腾了好一会儿,最后只抛出了个半成品,然后经过论坛的mathe大佬继续完善后,终于成功地画出来了:
$$\begin{array}{ccccccccccc}
& & & & 4 & —& —& — & — & 25 & —& —& — & — & 11
\\
& & & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg)}{|} &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & && &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg)}{|} &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} && &&\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg)}{|} &|
\\
& & 14 & — & — & —& — & 22 & — & — & — & —& 7 & & |
\\
& \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg)}{|} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}}& &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg)}{|} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}}& & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}}&&\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg)}{|} & | & & | \\
24 & — & —& —& — & 1 & —& —& — & — & 18 & & | & & |\\
|& & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & &\color{red}{13} &| & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}} &\color{red}{27} & | & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}} & | &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}}&5\\
|& & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg); opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & | & & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg); opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} &| & & |&\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg)}{|} &|\\
|& & \color{red}{8} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}}& | &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}} & \color{red}{12} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}} &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}}& | &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}}&22&&|\\
|&\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg); opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & | &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg); opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}}& | &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg)}{|} & | &&|\\
15 & — & —& —& — & 3 & — & — & —& —& 21 & & | & &|\\
|& & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & & \color{red}{9} &| &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}} & \color{red}{26} &|&\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}}&|&\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}}&6\\
|& & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}}&\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg); opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} & &| & &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg); opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} &&|&&|&\style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg)}{|}\\
|& &\color{red}{16} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}} & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}} &|&\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}}& \color{red}{8} &\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}}&\require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}}& | & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\cdots}}&17\\
|& \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg); opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}}& & & &|& \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg); opacity:0.5;}{\color{red}{\vdots}} &&&& | & \require{HTML} \style{display: inline-block; transform: rotate(45deg)}{|}\\
23 & — & — & — & — & 2 & — & — & — & — & 19\\
\end{array}$$

事实上代码里边还内嵌了一些HTML代码,所以不算是严格的纯LaTeX代码,应该说是LaTeX+MathJax的结合。

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苏剑林. (2019, Mar 28). 《分享:用LaTeX+MathJax画一个三维三阶环方 》[Blog post]. Retrieved from https://spaces.ac.cn/archives/6534